Neurological Disorders

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Neurological Disorders – Introduction

In simple terms, neurological disorder is any disease or disorder that is related to the nervous system of our body. Any structural, electrical or biochemical abnormality in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves may result in various symptoms like paralysis, seizures, muscle weakness, etc.

Neurological disorders are quite often neglected by people unless they reach extreme levels and affect routine life. This is highly dangerous as the initial symptoms if avoided, can lead to alarming and life threatening problems. Proper awareness about neurological disorders plays an essential role in the treatment of patients.

Following are the common neurological disorders:

  • Alzheimer’s Disease – Disorder related to death of brain cells causing memory loss and cognitive decline.
  • Migraine – Disorder associated with recurrent moderate to severe headache.
  • Parkinson’s Disease – Progressive disorder characterized by muscle rigidity affecting movement.
  • Epilepsy – Disorder characterized by recurrent seizures.
  • Back Pain and stiffness
  • Dementia – Problems associated with disability in thinking and remembering.
  • Stroke – Cell death resulting from reduced or interrupted blood flow to the brain.
  • Paralysis – Loss of muscular function leading to loss of feeling in the affected area.

Some of the neurological disorders have a pretty good chance of getting completely treated, while others have very grim chances. It significantly depends upon the severity of the problem and the patient’s overall health condition. Decision regarding the treatment line is completely in the hands of your neurologist.

Treatment for Neurological Disorders In India


Diagnosis of Neurological Disorders

Correct diagnosis of neurological disorders is very essential. Read below to know about the various diagnostic tests that are used for diagnosis of above disorders :

  • MRI
  • PET Scan
  • CT Scan or CT Angiography
  • Physiological studies (EEG and EMG)
  • Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis
  • Neuropsychological testing
  • Biopsies
  • Blood Tests
  • Fluoroscopy

These investigations help in understanding the disease process, and also monitor the level and effect of therapeutic drugs. Sometimes, genetic testing is also required in cases when a patient has a family history of neurological disorders.

The treating doctor may initially prescribe neurological examination and based on the result of these, he may further continue with diagnostic investigations.

Neurological examination helps in assessing the functioning of nerves and other activities like speech, vision, hearing ability, coordination and balance, any changes in behavior or mood, memory and mental status.

Diagnosis of Neurological Disorders
Diagnosis of Neurological Disorders
 

Nerve Conduction Velocity Test

Nerve Conduction Velocity Test

Neurological Disorders Treatment in India

If you or a loved one is suffering from a neurological disorder, don’t despair. There are some of the best neurological disorders treatments in India that can help improve your quality of life. Here are some:

  • Lifestyle changes in order to prevent or reduce the impact of disorders,
  • Pain management as many disabilities can be related to considerable discomfort,
  • Physiotherapy to treat the symptoms and bring back normal function, and
  • Medication to either return to normal functioning of organs or avoid worsening of the patient’s condition.
  • Neurological Rehabilitation which is a treatment program specially designed for the patients ,depending upon their medical condition. It includes exercises & activities to improve mobility, speech therapy, stress management programs and assistance in activities of daily living (ADLs) .

Above therapies are used in treatment of following major conditions:

  • Multiple Sclerosis Treatment
  • Cerebrovascular disease and stroke treatment
  • Movement Disorder Treatment
  • Epilepsy Treatment
  • Headache/migraine treatment
  • Vestibular treatment
  • Neuromuscular disease treatment
  • Cognitive disorder treatment

Some conditions are also treated through surgical intervention (discussed in the neurosurgery section). For example: brain tumor surgery, DBS surgery for Parkinson’s disease, etc.

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